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The given information has been created to help English language learners understand the TOEFL ® test and prepare for it. By preparing the testing you can go anywhere in your career and in life.

Getting Started

Start your preparation for the TOEFL test by reading the following important information about the test, testing requirements, and your TOEFL scores.

Undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs around the word require students to demonstrate their ability to communicate in English as an entrance requirement.

The TOEFL: test gives takers the opportunity to prove they can communicate ideas effectively by simulating university classroom and students life communication. The language used in the test reflects real-life English language usage in university lectures, classes, and laboratories. It is the same language professors use when they study course work or concepts with students. It is the language students use in study groups and everyday university situations, such as buying books at the bookstore. The reading passages are from real textbooks and course materials.

OEFL Score Can Help You Go Anywhere

The TOEFL test measures how well test takers use English, not just their knowledge of the language. Because it is a valid and reliable test with unbiased, objective scoring, the TOEFL test confirms that a student has the English language skills necessary to succeed in an academic setting.

That’s why it is most highly regarded and widely accepted test in the world. More than 8,500 colleges, universities, and agencies in 130 countries accept TOEFL scores, so that test takers have the flexibility to use their TOEFL test scores worldwide. The TOEFL test is also the most accessible English-language test. It is administered at more than 4,500 test centers in 180 countries. More than 27 million people have taken the test since began in 1964.

Who Creatures the TOEFL Test?

ETS (Educational Testing Service) is the nonprofit educational organization that develops and administers the TOEFL test.

Who Is Required to Take the TOEFL Test?

If your first or native language is not English, it is likely that the college or university that you wish to attend will require you to take English-language proficiency test. However, you should check with each institution to which you are applying for admission.

How Is the TOEFL Test Used in the Admissions Process?

Your test scores will be considered together with other information you supply to the institution to determine if you have the appropriate academic and language background to be admitted to a regular or modified program of study. Often your field of study and where you are applying as a graduate or undergraduate student will determine what TOEFL scores you need.

Is There a Minimum Acceptable Score?

Each institution that uses TOEFL scores sets its own minimum level of acceptable performance. There minimum vary from one institution to another, depending on factors such as the applicant’s field of study, the level of study (undergraduate or graduate), whether the applicant will be a teaching assistant, and whether the institution offers English as a Second Language support for its students.

All About the TOEFL iBT Test

The TOEFL iBT test consists of four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. The entire test is about 4 hours long, and all sections are taken on the same day.

Key Features

  • The TOEFL iBT test measures all four language skills that are important for effective communication: speaking, listening, reading, and writing, emphasizing the test taker’s ability to use English effectively in academic setting.
  • It reflects how language is really used with integrated tasks that combine more than one skill. Just as in real academic settings. The integrated questions ask test takers to:

    • read, listen, and then speak in response to a question
    • listen and then speak in response to a question
    • read, listen, and then write in response to a question

  • It represents the best practices in language learning and teaching. In the past, English instruction focused on learning about the language (especially grammar), and students could receive high scores on tests without being able to communicate. Now teachers and learners understand the importance of using English to communicate, and activities that integrate language skills are popular in many English language programs.


  • The TOEFL iBT test is administered via Internet at a secure network of testing centers around the world.
  • Instructions for answering questions are given with each section. There is no computer tutorial.
  • The test is not computer-adaptive. Each test taker receives items that cover the full range of ability.
  • Test takers can take note throughout the entire test. At the end of testing, all notes are collected and destroyed at the test center to ensure test security.
  • For the Speaking section, test takers wear noise-canceling headphones and speak into a microphone. Responses are recorded digitally and sent to ETS to be scored.
  • Human rates, trained and certified by ETS, rate the Speaking responses.
  • For the Writing section, test takers type their response. The typed responses are sent to ETS for scoring.
  • Human rates, trained and certified by ETS, rate the Writing responses. In addition to human scoring, automated scoring is used for Writing tasks.
  • Scores are reported both online and by mail.
  • The following chart shows the possible number of questions and the timing for each section. The time limit for each section varies according to the number of questions. Every test contains additional questions in the Reading or Listening section. These extra questions are being tested by ETS and do not count toward the test taker’s score.

    Test Section Number of Questions Timing
    Reading 3–4 passages, 12–14 questions each 60–80 minutes
    Listening 34 – 6 lectures, 6 questions each 2 – 3 conversations, 5 questions each 60–90 minutes
    Break 10 minutes
    Speaking 6 tasks: 2 independent and 4 integrated 20 minutes
    Writing 1 integrated task 20 minutes
    1 independent task 20 minutes


    The on-screen toolbar in each section allows you to negative through the test with ease. Following are example of testing tools from the Listening and Reading sections of the test. The section is always listed in the upper left-hand corner of the toolbar.

    • You will always know what question you are on and how much time is remaining in the section. It is possible to hide the clock at any time by clicking on Hide Time.
    • Volume allows you to adjust the volume as you listen.
    • Help allows you to get relevant help. When you use the Help feature, the clock does not stop.
    • Next allow you to proceed to the next question.
    • Once you click on Next. You can confirm your answers by clicking on OK. In the Listening section, you cannot sees question again once you click on OK.

    The toolbar for the Reading section has some important features.

    You can view the entire passage when answering questions. For some questions, you need to click View Text to see the entire passage.

    You can view all of their answers by clicking on Review. This allows them to return to any other question and change your answer. You can also see which questions you have skipped and still need to answer.

    In the Reading section, you can also click on Back at any time to return to the previous question.